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Supreme Court Upholds ‘One Person, One Vote’

The Supreme Court of the United States delivered a unanimous ruling, preventing states from doing the demographic equivalent of gerrymandering.

“The ruling affirms the 5th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeal’s decision, which sided with Texas. The state argued there was no legal basis for voters Sue Evenwel and Edward Pfenninger’s claims that the new election districts were unconstitutional, violating the “one person, one vote” principle of the 14th Amendment’s Equal Protection Clause, because the districts were not divided in a manner that equalized both total population and voter population,” the Hill reports.

“This Court’s past decisions reinforce the conclusion that States and localities may comply with the one-person, one-vote principle by designing districts with equal total populations,” Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg wrote in the opinion.

“As the framers of the Constitution and the Fourteenth Amendment comprehended, representatives serve all residents, not just those eligible to vote,” she wrote. “Nonvoters have an important stake in many policy debates and in receiving constituent services. By ensuring that each representative is subject to requests and suggestions from the same number of constituents, total-population apportionment promotes equitable and effective representation.”

You can read the full ruling below:

 

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