New Laws Going Into Effect in 2014
There are more than 40,000 new laws going into effect in 2014 and USA Today has compiled a list of some of the most notable ones around the 50 states. States like California, Illinois, Oregon, and Colorado will see the most new laws because their new laws all go into effect on January 1 while other states typically enact laws within 90 days of a bill’s passing.
One of the more controversial laws going into effect on January 1 is a California law that mandates that students be allowed to use school bathrooms and play school sports based on their gender identity rather than their birth identity.
In Illinois, people who flick a cigarette butt on the street will be subject to a $50 fine for littering. The state also passed laws to ban cellphones while driving, install cameras on school buses, ban the use of unmanned drones, ban minors from tanning salons, and mandate that cops receive training on “the psychological and physiological effects of stun guns.” Illinois is also enacting a law that requires schools to teach both abstinence and contraception in sex education classes.
In Colorado, adults over 21 will be able to legally buy up to one ounce of marijuana from a state-licensed retailer. The state also passed a $50 annual fee for electric car owners.
In Connecticut, the state passed sweeping gun reform following the Newtown school shooting including mandatory registration of all assaults weapons and high-capacity magazines purchased before April of last year. The state has also created a registry to track parolees who were sentenced on weapons charges.
In Delaware, the sale, possession, and distribution of shark fins is now illegal. In Rhode Island, employers are no longer allowed to ask about job applicant’s criminal history on applications. In Oregon, legislators have passed a law to allow new mothers to take their placentas home. The state also outlawed smoking in cars that have kids in them. Minnesota will begin to drug test people who receive public assistance benefits.